|"Young people who use cannabis on a regular basis may suffer long-term damage to their intelligence, attention and memory"|
News in brief
Therapists who either nod or say ‘Mmm’ may have better outcomes than those who use both techniques, a study in the July issue of Psychotherapy Review suggests. The study compared client ratings of empathy and therapeutic alliance if the therapist used non-verbal or verbal acknowledgements or both. The clients preferred consistency: both or neither.
Most people recover quickly from trauma caused by natural disasters, a US study suggests. Researchers followed up people caught in Hurricane Ike, which hit Texas in September 2008, to see if there was any lasting increase in post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, anxiety or suicidal feelings. At 18 months the vast majority of people had ‘bounced back’ and showed no long-term mental health effects.
Kids bullied at school may suffer poor health in adulthood. A study that followed up teenagers who struggled to form friendship networks at school found a clear link with higher risk of metabolic and cardiovascular disorders in adulthood, which the researchers say is likely to be linked to the body’s stress mechanisms.
Session-by-session feedback improves client outcomes, a study in Psychotherapy Review confirms. The study found better outcomes among ‘stuck’ clients when their therapists used a session-by-session client progress questionnaire and a ‘decision-tree’ that prompted a range of interventions when clients were not responding to treatment as expected.